Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science
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Research and formation of qualitative hydro air ion composition in agricultural premises
Oleksandr Vovna, Ihor Serhiienko, Serhii Sukach, Ivan Laktionov, Valentyn Glyva, Tatyana Kozlovskaya
Abstract: An approach to establishment of the mechanism of formation of air and hydro air ions on the example of greenhouses has been studied and proposed. Ways of determining energy of ionization (formation) of air ions by energy values of breakdown of chemical bonds have been shown in order to evaluate the probability of formation of air ions of different chemical structures. It has been established that the use of a small ultrasonic air ion generator helps to normalize air ion composition of the air without generation of harmful substances and purifies the air from fine particles that absorb air ions and reduce electrification of dielectric surfaces. Due to the balloelectric effect, the negative effect inherent in most existing ionizers (generation of ozone and nitrogen oxides) minimizes, which improves the quality of the internal air and, thus, increases level of comfort and efficiency of workers of agro-industrial complexes. Intellectual internal air quality control system with the use of fuzzy-logic has been developed and implemented. The optimality criterion of the control system for working zone comfort and standardized parameters of microclimate and air ion concentration in the working zone have been proposed.
Keywords: air ion concentration; air ionization; air quality; air quality control system; ventilation system
Date published: 2019-03-29
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