Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science
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The analysis of damping of the Bovine Rhinotracheitis National Recovery Program in the Czech Republic between 2006-2016
Richard Pospisil, , Ondrej Krocil, Philipp Kunz
Abstract: Since the mid of 1970‘s Czech livestock production has been directly influenced by the occurrence of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) whose occurrence affects the economics of livestock agricultural production in the Czech Republic. IBR is a highly contagious, infectious respiratory disease that is caused by Bovine Herpesvirus-1. For this reason, in 2006 the National Recovery Program for IBR has been launched and in 11 years the number of farms with a declared IBR-free status has gradually increased from 19.02% to 99.21%. By the end of 2016 just 153 farms with 2552 bovine animals are still without IBR-free status. Within the program there was adopted the principle, that the removal of infected animals will take place mainly within the framework of the natural changes of herds. At the time of the start of the NRP there was a significant drop in number of cattle in the Czech Republic. Based on this assumption, the Czech Republic could in 2018 meet OIE‘s requirements on statut of IBR-free country, which consider at least 99.80% of the bovine herds free of IBR.
Keywords: bovine rhinotracheitis; cattle; IBR; infectious disease; National Recovery Program; State Veterinary Administration; World Organization for Animal Health
Date published: 2019-04-23
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