Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science
Array ( [session_started] => 1669554760 [LANGUAGE] => EN [LEPTON_SESSION] => 1 )
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PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS OF THE PHYTOPLANKTON INTERACTIONS WITH THE ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN TWO RESERVOIRS IN BULGARIA
Kostadin Dochin, Velika Kuneva, Ivan Iliev
Abstract: In the present study, we have analyzed the connection between the main environmental parameters and the quantitative characteristics of the phytoplankton communities in two economically significant Bulgarian reservoirs (Kardzhali and Dospat) for a one-year period (April 2011 – April 2012). The aim of this study was to identify the key environmental factors influencing the phytoplankton development, by implementation PCA analysis based on the Pearson correlation matrix. The conducted PCA identified 5 principal components, which explained 83.64% and 79.91% of the total variance for both reservoirs respectively. The data analysis indicates, that physical parameters, such as water transparency (Sd), electrical conductivity (Cond.), pH, concentration and saturation of the dissolved oxygen (O2, O2%), and the different forms of nitrogen and phosphorus (NO3-N, TN, PO4-P, TP, CODMn), as well as a total count of heterotrophic bacteria (TVC) have considerable impact on the phytoplankton dynamics in Kardzhali reservoir. Similar dependences between environmental factors and phytoplankton community, with the exception of O2 and O2%, were established for Dospat reservoir. The obtained results demonstrate the applicability of the multivariate statistical analysis methods for the determination of the main factor influencing the quantitative, spatial and seasonal phytoplankton development in heavily modifi ed water bodies.
Keywords: environmental factors; phytoplankton; principal component analysis; reservoirs; TVC
Date published: 2018-01-15
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