Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science
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RASPBERRY BREEDING AND PROTECTION AGAINST DISEASE AND PESTS
I. Totic
Abstract: The raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is a very important type of small perennial berry. Based on the extent of its production, it comes second only to the strawberry and currant, and based on its economic importance, it is second only to the strawberry. Considering that the first raspberry cultivars in the true sense of the word originated from the beginning of the 17th century, polmology has managed to this day to register and systematize over one thousand raspberry cultivars. The raspberry belongs to the group of products, which have the greatest degree of marketability, and in some countries (the Republic of Serbia) over 99 % of the overall production is meant to be sold on the market. In suitable agro-ecological and technical conditions (a professional staff, processing and freezing capacities, organized purchase locations, high quality roads and means of transportation, a sufficient workforce needed to harvest the crop), it is possible to achieve a yield of up to 35 tons per acre. Raspberry canes meant for planting need to be formed in suitable soil and must be healthy. Raspberries are traditionally cultivated in open areas, and lately also in high tunnels. The canes are susceptible to disease caused by different types of pests and weeds. In order to protect them, it is necessary to regularly resort to pomotechnic and agrotechnic measures in order to prevent cane decay and
a poor harvest. The protection of the raspberry has to be professional and must continue over planting, blooming time, and up to the harvest, which lasts on average for 30 days, and even after it is over.
Keywords: cultivars; disease and pests; protection; raspberries; raspberry cane formation
Date published: 2019-04-18
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