Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science
Array ( [session_started] => 1653180984 [LANGUAGE] => EN [LEPTON_SESSION] => 1 )
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COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF INTRAMUSCULAR AND INTRAOSSEAL ADMINISTRATION OF DETOMIDINE/ KETAMINE COMBINATION FOR GENERAL ANAESTHESIA IN QUAILS (COTURNIX COTURNIX JAPONICA)
S. Yayla, N. N. Kamiloglu, A. Kamiloglu, I. Ozaydin, C. S. Ermutlu
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of anesthesia and heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and cloacal temperature (CT) with the administration of the detomidine/ ketamine combination via intraosseous (IO) route and to compare this method with an intramuscular (IM) route in quails. Two groups in each have ten quails (n=10) were selected. Group I received 1.0 mg/kg detomidine-20 mg/kg ketamine IM, and Group II received the same dose via IO. Some hemodynamic parameters were monitorized. A statistically significant difference (p<0.001) was determined between the groups about the onset of anaesthesia in which Group I was on 5±0.87 minutes and Group II was on 15±2.94 seconds. There were no statistically significant difference between the groups about the duration of anaesthesia that found to be 29.40±8.55 minutes in Group
I and 24.30±3.05 minutes in Group II. Statistically significant differences were not found between the Groups in terms of HR, RR and CT. The use of both the IM and the IO detomidine/ketamine was resulted in successful anaesthesia. However, it was concluded that intraosseous drug administration provided faster and effective anaesthesia and may be practical and functional for the birds requiring urgent surgical intervention.
Keywords: detomidine; intramuscular; intraosseous; ketamine; quail
Date published: 2017-09-11
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