Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science
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Institutional environment and climate change impacts on sustainability of Bulgarian agriculture
Hrabrin Bachev
Abstract: Achieving diverse goals of sustainable development greatly depends on the specifi c socio-economic, institutional and natural environment in a particular country, industry, region, community, etc. Despite its importance, in Bulgaria, like in other East European countries, there are very few empirical studies on impact(s) of institutional environment and climate change on agrarian sustainability. This paper incorporates the interdisciplinary New Institutional Economics, and assesses the impact of major elements of institutional
environment and climate change on agrarian sustainability in Bulgaria. The methodological framework is outlined, the impacts of various components of institutional environment and climate change on agrarian sustainability are evaluated and conclusions with implications for further research are presented. The study is based on in-depth interviews with managers of “representative” marketoriented farms of different juridical type, size, specialization, and ecological and geographical location. Institutional components most contributing to improvement of agrarian sustainability at current state of development are: personal connections; available information for prices, markets, innovations, etc.; established reputation; existing trust, and existing possibilities for free contracting. Factors mostly deterring sustainable agrarian development are: existing confl icts over agrarian resources, investment possibilities and
obstacles, existing monopoly and power positions, and climate change. Studies of this type are to be further expended as precision and representation increased though improving methods, data sources, and cooperation with interested parties.
Keywords: agrarian sustainability; agriculture; Bulgaria; climate change; governance; institutional environment
Date published: 2018-08-30
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